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Links to Legislative History Excerpts Concerning Whistleblower Protection


Congressional Research Service (L. Paige Whitaker and Michael Schmerling),Whistleblower Protections for Federal Employees (1998 update)


Civil Service Reform Act of 1974
P.L. 95-454, 91 Stat. 1111 (October 6, 1978)


S. Rpt. 95-969 reprinted in 1978 US Code Cong. and Admin. News 2723 et seq.


Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989
P.L. 101-12, 103 Stat. 16 (April 10, 1989)

Joint Explanatory Statement on S. 508
[printed in Senate portion, 135 Cong. Rec. 4512 (March 16, 1989) et seq.; virtually identical language reprinted in House portion, 135 Cong. Rec. 5034 (March 21, 1989)

H. Rpt. 100-274 on H.R. 25 "Whistleblower Protection Act of 1987" (Aug. 5, 1987, CIS87:H623-4 or microfiche Y1.1/8:100-274)

S. Rpt. 100-413 on S.508, "Whistleblower Protection Act of 1988" (July 6, 1988, CIS88:S403-8 or microfiche (Y1.1/5:100-413)[the most cited legislative history source]

H. Rpt. 99-859 on HR4033, "Whistleblower Protection Act of 1986" (Sept. 22, 1986, CIS86:H623 or microfiche Y1.1/8:99-859)

Whistleblower Protection;" Hearings before the Subcommittee on Civil Service, House Post Office and Civil Service Committee on May 15, June 18 and 26, 1985 (CIS85:H621-43 or microfiche Y4.P84/10:99-19)

"Whistleblower Protection Act of 1986;" Hearings before the Subcommittee on Civil Service, House Post Office and Civil Service Committee on February 20 and 21, 1986 (CIS86:H621-34 or microfiche Y4.P84/10:99-54)

"Whistleblower Protection Act of 1987;" Hearings before the Subcommittee on Civil Service, House Post Office and Civil Service Committee on March 10, 1987 (CIS87:H621-26 or microfiche Y4.P84/10:100-6)

S. Hrg. 100-422 "Whistleblower Protection Act of 1987;" Hearings before the Subcommittee on Federal Services, Post Office and Civil Service, Senate Governmental Affairs Committee on July 20 and 31, 1987 (CIS88:S401-24 or microfiche Y4.G74/9:S.Hrg.100-422)

President Bush's statement upon signing S.20 is reprinted in 1989 U.S.Code Cong. and Admin. News 11 (April 17, 1989)


Whistleblower Protection Act Amendments in 1994 Authorization of Office of Special Counsel and Merit Systems Protection Board,
P.L. 103-424, 108 Stat. 4361 (October 29, 1994)

H. Rpt. 103-769 on H.R. 2970 "Reauthorization of the Office of Special Counsel" (Sept. 30, 1994, CIS94:H623-11or microfiche Y1.1/8:103-769)

H. Rpt. 103-64 on H.R. 1032 " Department of Veterans Affairs Employment Discrimination Act" (April 22, 1993, CIS93:H763-2 or microfiche Y1.1/8:103-64);

S. Rpt. 102-416 on S.2853 "Office of Special Counsel Reauthorization Act of 1992" (issued Sept. 22, 1993; CIS92:S403-13 or microfiche Y1.1/5:102-416)

S. Rpt. 103-358 on S.622 "To Authorize Appropriations for the U.S. Office of Special Counsel, the Merit Systems Protection Board" (issued Aug. 23, 1994, CIS94:S403-9 or microfiche Y1.1/5:103-358; also reprinted in 1994 U.S. Code Cong. and Admin. News 3549 et seq.)

H. Serial 103-6, "Oversight Hearing on Whistleblower Protection and the Office of Special Counsel," Hearing before the Subcommittee on Civil Service, House Post Office and Civil Service Committee on March 31, 1993 (CIS94:H621-11 or microfiche Y4.P84/10:103-6)

H. Serial 103-19, "Reauthorization of the Merit Systems Protection Board," Hearings before the Subcommittee on Civil Service, House Post Office and Civil Service Committee, Aug. 3, 1993 (CIS94:H621-11 or microfiche Y4P84/10:103-19)

"H.R. 2970, To Reauthorize the Office of Special Counsel and to Make Amendments to the Whistleblower Protection Act" Hearings before the Subcommittee on Civil Service, House Post Office and Civil Service Committee on September 14, 1993 (CIS94:H621-23 or microfiche Y4.P84/10:103-21)

S.Hrg. 102-748 "Reauthorization of the Office of Special Counsel," Hearings before the Subcommittee on Federal Services, Post Office and Civil Service Senate Governmental Affairs Committee on May 13, 1992 (CIS92:S401-54 or microfiche Y4.G74/9)

"Resolution Trust Corporation Whistleblowers," Hearings before the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee on September 23, 1993 (CIS94:S241-13 or microfiche Y4.B22/3:S.Hrg.103-435)

"Semiannual Report of the Resolution Trust Corporation Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, 1994," hearings before the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee on February 24, 1994 (CIS94:S241-25 or microfiche Y4.B22/3:S.Hrg.103-579)